Siddhars and the Tamil 18 Siddhar Tradition
Siddhars are saints who have a whole mastery of their consciousness and who have realized its hidden qualities, which are manifested as super-powers, or siddhis, on the mental, vital, and physical levels.
A large part of the Indian legends has been created by ancient scientists, the Siddhars, to preserve hidden knowledge for centuries, or even thousands, for those who come to claim it.
It is known in the yoga tradition that there exists That, the All-knowing. He is the first guru (Adi Guru). It is also known that He passed on His knowledge. Those who have attained identification with that guru are called Siddhar gurus.
I teach techniques used by the Siddhars. Not only are these techniques aimed at perfection, they are also transformative, that is, they accelerate evolution.
Siddhar – The Perfect One
The Tamil word citta and the Sanskrit cit mean consciousness. The word Siddhi derived from them means mastering of consciousness, and the word Siddha means “the one who is perfect.” The name cittar or Siddhar is also derived from these words. In Tamil, “r” is added to the word to emphasize respect (e.g., Siddhar, Agastyar).
The Siddhar Tradition is the lineage originating from Shiva (also That – the Primordial) and Parvati, the supreme path that their son Murugan gave to Maharishi Agastyar, one of the seven most revered sages, the Saptarishis. Agastyar is the first Siddhar to convey a teaching directly received from Shiva. Siddhar Agastyar is one of my main teachers alongside the Primordial.
While traveling in India, I have met Siddhars. These have been unique encounters. They are diamonds that can be seen only in very few rare cases. When meeting Siddhars, one can sense their unearthliness, admire their knowledge and skills. In their example, it is possible to see a person’s real development potential. Because of the special achievements of the Siddhars, their superpowers, the Siddhis, are often mentioned when speaking of them.
The Tamil 18 Siddhar Tradition
The Tamil 18 Siddhar Tradition comes from the ancient enlightened saints/yoga masters who lived and worked in Tamil, South-India (reference 1). Being the founder of the 18 Siddhar Tradition, Siddhar Agastyar is the first teacher of this line of teachings (Adi Guru), and the teacher of all Siddhars.
The teachings of the 18 Siddhar Tradition are more comprehensive than those yoga teachings which are purely directed towards achievement of perfection and end with it. On the basis of the teaching of the Siddhars, a full circle is formed – having reached the ultimate endpoint when striving for perfection, the yogi returns to the world and the so-called ordinary life, bringing with him the qualities attained. Without dividing things into good or bad, s/he looks at them as different parts of one perfect whole – as different sides of a single coin. Therefore, he sees life as it is, discovering perfection in all manifestations of life.
Who is a Siddhar?
In Vedic scripture Upanishads, the Siddhar is defined as “one who has progressed from the standard liberation (jivan mukti) to ultimate liberty with complete control over death (para mukti).” This state is also referred to as soruba mukti or soruba samadhi.
Siddhars are saints who have a whole mastery of their consciousness and who have realized its hidden qualities, which are manifested as super-powers, or siddhis, on the mental, vital, and physical levels. Siddhars are yoga masters. As a result of their practice, they attain perfection and uninterrupted identity with the Source, or the Primordial consciousness, while continuing their most ordinary life and activities.
Paramhansa Yogananda describes: “The Upanishads detail all stages of spiritual development. Siddhar (the “perfect being”) has moved from the status of a jivanmukti (“liberated during lifetime”) to a status of paramukti (“supremely free” – having full power over death). The latter has finally escaped the slavery of illusion (maya) and from the ensuing chain of rebirths (reference 2).
The Best Known Siddhars
According to Tamil written sources, this authentic line of teaching includes the eighteen major Siddhars (reference 3). These include:
* The Maharishi and the Mahasiddhar Agastyar, who established the Tamil 18 Siddhar Tradition;
* Siddhar Thirumoolar, author of the poem belonging to the classics of works about yoga “Thirumandiram”;
* Siddhar Patanjali, author of “Patanjali Yoga Sutras;”
* Siddhar Boganathar (Bogar), herbalist and scientist of natural medicine;
Scientists Who Studied The Nature of Man And His Source
The Siddhars called yoga to be a science, the doctrine of using consciousness in a disciplined way to study and discover to the smallest detail what is happening in the external as well as in the inner world, in order to attain perfection. As they delved deeper into their inner world, they discovered it’s driving forces and laws, and the methods to master them. The Siddhars discovered that insight could bring new knowledge and that insight as a phenomenon is omnipresent and accessible to everyone. They named this source of insights – the Universal Teacher.
There are many stories in ancient Indian manuscripts dedicated to Shiva (“Shiva Purana”) telling how God Shiva used to sit in meditation in Tibet, on the mythical Kailash in the Himalayan Mountain Range and was worshiped by yogis and other gods as a supreme God. Those ancient times, narrated in these stories, marks also the beginning of the Siddhar Tradition history. Lord Shiva was the one who, in the holy cave of Amarnath within the snowy Himalayan Mountains, first initiated his spouse Parvati into Kriya Kundalini Pranayama or the scientific art of conscious breath. Later, on Mount Kailash, he reportedly initiated others to this breathing technique, including Siddhar Agastyar, Siddhar Nandi Devar, and Siddhar Thirumoolar. Siddhar Agastyar, for his part, initiated Kriya Babaji in 203 AD into this knowledge (reference 4).
Wisdom And Contribution To Society
The teachings of the 18 Siddhar Tradition are considered to be the source, or mother, of all modern spiritual traditions and healing methods. The Siddhars loved nature as a mother and discovered its mysterious aspects for the benefit of humanity. As admirers of Mother Nature, they worshiped Shiva as the only supreme being who grants the breath of life to all aspects of nature.
Siddhars had vast knowledge and areas of study. They created today’s well-known Siddha Medicine. They are also authors of varmam, the ancient art that was used both as a martial art for self-defense and manual therapy. The Siddhars were the first to use pulse-reading (in Tamil, paarththal) to determine the cause of the disease.
People With Special Abilities, Living a Regular Life
Usually, Siddhars were saints, doctors, alchemists, and mystics all at the same time. They recorded the results of their research into palm leaves as Tamil language verses. Manuscripts on palm leaves have survived and are passed down in families from one generation to the next (in India, state of Tamil Nadu). Some palm leaves are also kept in universities and museums in India, Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Siddhar Agastyar has written a lot of knowledge and predictions for future generations on the palm leaves. Agastyar has also written about me, the Teaching, and Lilleoru – some of that can be read here.
Through their practices, the Siddhars acquired special knowledge of both the world of matter as well as the forces inherent in certain practices, and they knew how to use this knowledge. It is believed that they mastered and successfully overcame the obstacles of time and space and were able to transform their physical bodies with the help of certain yoga techniques, pranayama, and rasayanas-named substance, thus delaying its death.
The Siddhars used to list in their records the particular spiritual abilities, called siddhis, they had acquired. Of all the siddhis, they considered the discovery of the True Self, or self-realization, to be the most important.